Andy Warhol BMW M1 Art Car (1979) Documentary



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“I love that car. It has turned out better than the artwork.”

A person who declares soup cans a work of art or aspires to have a department store closed so that it may be preserved as a museum for posterity, will not see any conflict between technology and creativity. Consequently, this is how he worked. Instead of first designing a scale model and leaving the final completion to his assistants as his predecessors did, the pop art legend painted the BMW M1 from the beginning to the end himself. “I have tried to give a vivid depiction of speed. If a car is really fast, all contours and colours will become blurred”.

The name Andy Warhol is the quintessence of pop art. Born in Pittsburgh USA in 1928, he studied from 1945 to 1949 at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. He began his artistic career as a commercial artist and was successful in holding his own exhibition in New York as early as in 1952. In 1956 his work was acknowledged with the coveted “Art Director‟s Club Award”. 1962 saw the creation of the legendary “Factory” – a negation and reversal of traditional artistic ideas as it had never been seen before. His celebrity portraits and paintings of trivial objects became famous. Warhol died in New York in 1987.

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Indigenous People Weaving Culture in Cambodia

Currently, Mondulkiri Indigenous People’s Association for Development (MIPAD), which has been supported by Plan International Cambodia, is carrying out its activities under the project “Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation of Indigenous Communities in Mondulkiri”. In this regard, MIPAD has sent a project team to study and research the history of textile weaving and weaving equipment of Bunong ethnic minority group for further research documents. In addition, the association has formed a group of weavers, mostly women, and has received training in weaving skills in addition to the weaving skills they had acquired from their ancestors. And this work is also in addition to agricultural work which has been affected by climate change.

The textile weaving of Bu nong ethnic minority can weave such as scarfs (The Kama, Bunong’s language), blankets, bandwidth (Yus), handkerchiefs and handbags. The weaving process is similar in size to the size, while the style is not as easy as it is different in its production. The weaving process is long or short, depending on the production of various materials in large or small size. Usually, weaving a scarf of 20 × 180, 20 × 200, 25 × 180, 25 × 200 takes 4 days and is used for all events. A skirt with red and black colors, and together with some signs such as vegetable, seeds, dove’s egg, size 50 × 200, 60 × 200 takes 60 days and according to routine, it takes 1 year. Moreover, it was used in the wedding in which the groom’s family offers to the bride’s family, and then they use it to cover the head of buffalo which they already kill and used in the ceremony as souvenirs and objects. After the ceremony, the bride’s mother can use it as a blanket or skirts. A black and white bandwidth, consisting of the signs of human, trees, mountain, buffalos, cows and Pythagorean scratches sign; size 50 × 200, 60 × 200, 70 × 200, takes about 90 days, traditionally takes 1 year and 3 months, and is used for the same ceremony like scarfs. A small bandwidth can exchange a small buffalo, one cow, or one goat. A blanket with red, black, and white color, consisting of signs such as a small stream, houses, human, and mountains in the size of 250 × 300, 250 × 400, takes 180 days; traditionally it takes two-year. In the past, indigenous people, Bunong, do weaving only when they are free from doing farming. As a result, the weaving of Bunong takes very long time and the outcome from weaving is really valuable for them.

For its color, it was originally white, black, and red. To get a black color, Bunong collects small trees (not specific) and grind those trees to receive black ink. Once they received, they mixed black ink with cotton thread to get black cotton. For red, they traditionally used fruits which they were shaped like rambutan, and make it as red liquid and then mixed with cotton to become red-colored. Indigenous people, Bunong, popularly plant cotton for the purpose of their weaving culture.

Bunong’s weaving culture, all weavers must have enough equipment before they can weave, and all of them are Kei (Nak Cha, Bunong’s language), and Hong. And weaving and Design (Korm), there are designs that can be noted that it is the ancient Bunong indigenous community, such as: kitchen, Kaisna, arrow, guord, human, tiger’s nose, python, cucumber’s seed, doves, snake, spider’s nest, worm’s eyes, mountain, streams, person holding hands, walking path, great silver water beetle, wasp, grasshopper, jumbo of tiger, mosquitoes, trees, waterfalls, wild streams rabbit, pumpkin, rice. Each of designs represented: Arrow and Kaisna represent the hunting of Indigenous Peoples (Bunong). The kitchen represents the place of food. The python, the snake image, the nose of tiger image, and the great silver water beetle image represent fierce wildlife. The images of guord, cucumber, pumpkin, and rice represent the planting of crops. The images of a waterfall, wildlife, stream, mountain, and water represent the livelihood landscape of the ethnic minority, Bunong. Rabbits represent wise and intelligent people. Creating design is to make the textile fabrics look more attractive and beautiful. In that, the use of color also has its meaning, such as the colorful is the emblem of the hot element. Light colors are the cold element which refers to the beauty of nature and natural refreshing. As a result, they look beautiful in the Bunong’s weaving culture as well as the design of each textile.

Today, the weaving culture of Bunong Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia has been uninterested by people, since so far, a lot of them focus on only farming and pay very less attention and very less time practicing weaving skills that have been left behind by their ancestors. Because of the climate change, the farming, as well as the growing of the plant, have been seriously affected and the family situation of Indigenous Peoples, Bunong, have been challenged in their lives. Therefore, Mondulkiri Indigenous People’s Association for Development, under the support of Plan International Cambodia, has strived to provide training in agriculture, seeds selection, plant protection, planting techniques as well as to study the weaving tradition and provide additional skills to them in order to earn additional income aside from doing farming or agriculture.



Source by Leng Veasna

5 Galleries and Museums to See in Madrid

Madrid is a world renowned city for not just it’s rich culture but also its many art museums, especially in what is known as the Golden Triangle of Art located on Paseo del Prado. Here are just a few you should consider visiting when you are next in Madrid.

1. Museo del Prado – Clocking in at well over 2.5 million visitors a year, the Museo del Prado is the most popular museum in Spain and regularly in the top 10 in the world for visitor numbers. The Museo del Prado is primarily a museum for sculpture and paintings and is home to many European classics from the 12th to the 19th centuries.

2. Museo Nacional de Arqueología – Built in 1867, The National Museum of Archaeology is a showcase of historic finds over many periods including pre-history, Celtic, Iberian, Greek, Roman and medieval. One of the many highlights includes the Treasure of Guarrazar dating back to the Visigothic period of 409-711.

3. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía – Probably most famous for being the current home (after an extended stay in New York) of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica. Often called by English speakers as simply ‘The Sofia’ the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía was reopened in 1992, however the museum is built upon the site of an 18th century hospital.

The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía houses 20th century art, mostly Spanish in origin and also features a free-access library with over 100,000 books.

4. Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum – One of the many museums in Madrid’s ‘Golden Triangle of Art’ and features collections from English, Dutch and German artists. Home to over 1600 paintings of many different styles including Expressionists, Impressionists and 20th century American and European. Starting off originally as a private museum, over the years it has become much more accessible to the public.

5. CaixaForum Madrid – An art gallery which stands in very much stark contrast to the others listed above. The CaixaForum is best described as a post-modern art gallery only being completed in 2007. In just its short life it has already become one of the most popular museums in Madrid playing home to some of the most interesting modern international art talent in the world.

Madrid has a diverse collection of museums and galleries, and most of them are easily accessible by Madrid’s comprehensive public transport system that makes the city very accessible through all seasons.



Source by Sam Cassidy

Jayel Gibson-Fantasy Author Interview

Jayel Gibson is the author of the “Ancient Mirrors” fantasy series. Her first book “The Wrekening” has been published and is available at most book stores and now at Far West Books and Gifts at [http://www.booksatfarwest.com]. For a new reading experience she is a must to read.

The interview did not turn out as expected. Only one question was asked and this lead to a two hour interview. Jayel’s personality is like her writing, exciting and imaginative.

Question: Who was your inspiring author, when you were younger, the one that got you to read?

Jayel: I started out reading Nancy Drew books. They were written by multiple authors. The first Nancy Drew book I got hooked me. I just loved the female lead, which is why I probably write with a female lead. I was so taken by the characters that I read every book. All I wanted for holidays and birthdays was books. I was in the sixth grade. I still remember to this day that before that, I liked books but I paid more attention to the pictures than the stories. When I started to read fantasy, I started with Anne McCaffrey, with the Dragonriders of Pern. I went on to Piers Anthony and advanced to C J Cherryh. C J is one of my favorite authors. It is surprising how many people think C J is a man. I have just reread the “Paladin” not long ago. I read them over and over again, and watch them come back into print after they have been off the market for awhile. That’s when you realize they will be there forever. Anne McCaffrey has kept my attention for 30 years. I have just finished reading “Dragons Fire” awhile back when it came out. Another author is Ursula K Le Guin, even though she is more of a science fiction writer, I love her stories. Those are the writers that influenced me. And of course, Tolkien, but not until I was older. Tolkien actually pays tribute to Beowulf, which was one of my favorite epic poems. Beowulf was probably what got me interested in old English. Tolkien ties so closely with Celtic mythology with great intent. I don’t think any fantasy reader can look at Tolkien and not respect him for what he did. He created an entire universe and languages. Even though he didn’t invent elves, orcs, and Halflings, he came up with a very believable and engaging story. I believe all fantasy writers were influenced by Tolkien. He asserted himself, as an author, he kept his work the way he wanted it, and that is very inspiring.

I love it (imagination). I even have a reluctance to share the character portraits that I have on my web site because of that. So far I have been very lucky. People read my books and say “That is just the way I saw that person!” I owe that to my artist Michele-lee Phelan. The character portraits are actually drawn and painted during my creative process, when I am writing the story. They come to me and I hang them on the wall. I use them while I write. The imagination is a wonderful thing. Every reader perceives a story differently. That is probably the most rewarding thing about reviews. I can read two or three different reviews and it is like they were all reading different books. My publicist sent me a review to read and it was like did you read the same book I wrote. Then another one came in and it was like they were inside my head when I was writing it. So it is interesting to see how readers perceive the work. What an author perceives is not always what the reader perceives. Which is fine? The tie between author and reader is probably the best thing about writing. The sharing with readers and hearing what they have to say.

Jayel Gibson next book, Dragon Queen, will be out in the spring of 2007.

Her books are available at most book store, including Far West Books and Gifts, and at her web site, ancientmirrors.com. Jayel Gibson will be the first author that will have a new book instead of a used paperback listed with Far West Books and Gifts.



Source by Catherine Dahrens

Digital Photo: Photography From Past to Present

The first photographs were invented in the 1800s. The first photos were known as daguerreotypes, invented in France. Daguerreotypes caught on in America in a big way, and people were posing before cameras that had to stay still for several minutes to take a single picture. We have all seen what these daguerreotypes look like today – very small, faded, cracked and colorless.

Photography today is vastly different, with cameras that freeze a single moment with the simple click of a button. There are even disposable cameras, something that could never have existed a hundred years ago when all photos and photography equipment were extremely costly and rare. Photographs can be reproduced in color and made to fit any size.

The newest advancement in this field is digital photography, which only grows bigger and better every day. With digital photography, you can do anything to your pictures – even if you aren’t a professional photography. You can adjust brightness, color, size, input borders and take out red eye effect – with digital photography, suddenly everything is possible so that you can create a perfect picture every single time. As digital photography grows more popular, it’s very inexpensive these days to own a digital camera of your own.

And the software for digital photography has grown so user-friendly, anyone can use it. Digital cameras are much like regular cameras, but they have a small screen so that you can immediately view your picture – without having to wait in line at the drugstore or wait until you’ve used the entire roll of film. Digital cameras, in fact, can take many more pictures than your standard cameras with rolls of film that need to be developed. With digital photography, you can even instantly erase bad pictures or photos you do not like and make space for a new, better picture.

Digital photography allows you to store your photos, in a perfect state, for as long as your digital camera’s hard drive lasts. You can print copies of the same picture over and over again. Digital photography also allows you to send photos via e-mail, saving a lot of time and money. Now, you can send the kids’ pictures to all the relatives without having to get doubles, or worse triples, printed up at the one hour photo. Digital photography eliminates the need to pay high prices to get film developed – in fact; you don’t have to take your camera or your film anywhere at all. After you take your digital pictures, you can print them out, send them across the Internet, or view them as often as you like. With digital photography, you can even use your favorite picture as wallpaper, or set several pictures to flash by in your screensaver.

The world of digital photography has changed everything about pictures. No one would have ever guessed that we would take the art of taking pictures so far into the future. Digital photography has opened the door into a whole world of possibility, and digital pictures will last and last and last – never fading or losing color over time.



Source by Art Kelso

Hookahs – Authentic Egyptian or Chinese Imposter?

Egypt has long been known in the Middle East as the best place to get a hookah and hookah accessories. The land of the pharaohs, pyramids, and sphinx is also the Motherland of the shisha (the Egyptian word for hookah). Egyptian artisans still make hookahs the old-fashioned way — by hand and with a great deal of pride in craftsmanship. Making hookahs is still a family tradition, and the best hookah makers in Egypt have earned their spots through the continuity of traditional techniques. Glass bases are still made from hand blown colored glass, and artists still decorate them by hand using paint, glitter, decals, or etching. Hoses are made entirely by hand, from the cutting of the fabric to the turning of the wood that will become the handles to the addition of decorative elements such as braid, fringe, or fur. Shafts may be made of metals like stainless steel, brass, or chrome plated brass, but those metals are formed by the hands of master craftsmen, put together by skilled welders, and sometimes etched or decorated by artisans. Potters still use a potting wheel to make the clay bowls that we call the “head.” In short, every part of a genuine Egyptian hookah is crafted by hand using traditional techniques which results in a one-of-a-kind product every time. Egyptian hookahs are so admired and respected throughout the Middle East that you’d be hard pressed to find a pipe in another Middle Eastern country that does not have some part that was made in Egypt!

When the hookah craze hit the United States, the cultural icon of the Middle East fell prey to the assembly line mentality. It didn’t take long for the hookah to be added to the list of counterfeit products being mass produced in China for export to the American market. Because neither the owners of manufacturing plants or assembly line workers in China have a cultural stake or identity associated with the product, the hookahs that they produce involve no artistry. The glass bases are molded and then spray painted; the glass itself is not colored. Any designs on the glass are likewise spray painted on by machines. Machine made plastic hoses with plastic or simulated wood ends have no decorative elements on them. Machines mold shafts made from tin, aluminum, or a combination of those metals with stainless steel; sometimes, machines spray paint them in a color to match the glass. Porcelain, a material for which the Chinese are famous, has replaced the traditional clay bowl made from the rich clay of the banks of the Nile River. Cold, computerized Chinese machines have replaced the intimate touch of the Egyptian craftsmen whose work is a source of pride.

Because Egyptian hookahs set the industry standard, it has become common for sellers to falsely label their Chinese look-alikes as “authentic Egyptian” pipes. Many shoppers have been taken in by a misleading description coupled with a low price and think that they are buying a genuine Egyptian hookah when, in reality, they get an imposter. Don’t be duped! Look for the identifying characteristics listed below to determine if the hookah you are considering buying is the real deal.

Characteristics of an Authentic Egyptian Hookah

  • Authentic Egyptian hookahs are still handmade using centuries old traditional methods. Crafted by the hands of people who have a cultural stake and identity in their product, every aspect of the authentic Egyptian hookah involves artistry and craftsmanship.
  • The base of an authentic Egyptian hookah is hand blown colored glass that comes in a variety of shapes and colors with hand painted designs. The most telling aspect of an authentic Egyptian base is its characteristic bands of genuine 18K gold or platinum paint.
  • Egyptian hoses are handcrafted using traditional methods and materials; they vary in style, color, and decorative elements.
  • Shafts are hand formed stainless steel, brass, or chrome plated brass in various heights, number of hose holders, designs, and decorative elements. Egyptian shafts are never made of aluminum or spray painted in a color to match the glass base!
  • An authentic Egyptian hookah is always sold with the same number of hoses that the shaft will hold. If you’re buying a 2-hose hookah, you get 2 hoses!
  • Anyone who sells authentic Egyptian hookahs will have replacement parts available. Glass bases break and hoses should be replaced every few months for the sake of hygiene, so it is important to have access to individual parts for your hookah.

Characteristics of the Chinese Imposter Hookah

  • The Chinese imposter hookahs are mass produced in factories by machines and people who have no cultural connection to the product. The hookahs all look the same, just as one would expect from anything made on an assembly line.
  • Chinese bases are made of molded glass or acrylic that is spray painted with material that washes off with normal cleaning. Designs, if any, are identical with no variation in pattern or style because machines are preset to make them look a certain way.
  • Chinese hoses are made of plastic with plastic or simulated wood ends with no decorative elements. Sometimes the hoses are called “pleather,” a marketing trick to make plastic sound better.
    Hoses are marketed as “washable.” No hookah hose is truly washable because inside each one is a wire coil around which the hose fabric is wrapped. Running water through the hose only speeds up the deterioration process of that wire coil! There is no such thing as a washable hookah hose!
  • Shafts produced in China are machine made of tin, aluminum, or a combination of those metals blended with stainless steel or chrome. They are often spray painted to match the color of the glass. A hookah with a shaft that matches the color of the glass is not Egyptian! The shafts of Chinese hookahs are made of inferior metals that do not stand up to normal wear and tear. Egyptian hookahs, on the other hand, are made of strong and durable metals that can withstand time and usage.
  • Because sellers typically do not have replacement parts or accessories, they sell the Chinese hookahs straight from the box. This means that multiple hose hookahs are often sold with only one hose. If you’re buying a 2-hose hookah, chances are that you will get only 1 hose!
  • To make them more appealing to the American consumer, Chinese manufactured hookahs are often sold with a hard shell carrying case. What a great way to hide an inferior product!
  • With the recent recall of various products manufactured in China, buyers need to be especially wary of hookahs made in and imported from China because they are painted!

To truly appreciate the cultural significance of the hookah and get the most of out of the hookah experience, you must have the real thing! While the price of some of the Chinese imports may look attractive, please keep in mind that this is definitely a case of getting what you pay for. A product that cannot stand up to the usage for which it was made is no longer a bargain when it has to be replaced over and over again. Buy an authentic Egyptian hookah and support the artisans and craftsmen who, in a world dominated by machine made goods, continue to make hookahs the way they and their families have for centuries.



Source by Carleen Ibrahim

Improving Your Home With An Antique Chimneypiece

The difference between a chimney piece and a mantle piece is that a chimney piece usually surrounds the fireplace and flows upward, sometimes all the way to the ceiling; whereas a mantle piece is usually just a shelf above the fireplace. A chimney piece may contain a mantle.

When considering whether or not to redecorate or even remodel a room, you should consider how well the chimney piece fits in with the current style as well as the new motif. If you are changing styles to a more classic, antique look but have only a simple mantelpiece you may want to consider a more elaborate focal point, like an antique chimney piece.

If you want to keep the chimney piece because of the style but don’t care for the color, you may be able to refinish it. Wood lends itself best for refinishing, either with natural stain or paint, or a combination. Cast stone chimney pieces can sometimes be dyed to another color as well. You won’t be able to change the color of a marble or carved stone chimney piece, though.

Another way to change the look of your chimney piece is to add a mirror above the mantel shelf. Or, instead of a mirror, add a large print of a piece of art that fits in well with the room design. If your room theme incorporates a specific shape, a fleur-de-lis for example, you can add a piece of wood cut to the shape and painted or stained to fit the room.

If your room is dark and has an almost spooky feel to it, consider adding an antique chimney piece in the gothic style. These are usually made of carved stone but can also be made of marble, cast stone or even wood. The gothic style may have gargoyles or faces appearing in the details.

For a more flowing, rounded look, search for a Romanesque style chimney piece. With the round or vaguely pointed arches and simple columns, this is a great style for a sleek, minimally decorated room. These are usually made of brick or cast stone but can also be found in other materials.

Looking for a chimney piece with straight lines? Then what you want is something in the Renaissance architectural style. With its simplistic outline, the antique renaissance style lends itself well to an otherwise modern room.

So where do you go to find an antique chimney piece? Look for an antique architecture dealer in your area. The older region you live in, the more likely you’ll find an architectural antique dealer nearby. You can also search for one online. When searching online, include as much as you know about your ideal chimney piece. Limiting the style, material and color will help narrow your search considerably.

Remember, antiques are limited, so you might have to do some searching and practice patience.



Source by Richard Billington

Special Effects Contact Lenses Are Great For Parties

You’ve seen them in the movies — white eyes, alien eyes, vampire eyes — and now you can completely transform your own eyes in a wild and dramatic way with special effects contact lenses. Previously, these types of lenses were predominantly only available to the theatrical and film communities, but now they’re widely available to average consumers. So if you want to add the perfect finishing touch to your costume or if you just want to stand out from the crowd and attract attention, special effects contact lenses are great for parties and special events.

Just as their name implies, special effects contact lenses provide special effects for your eyes. Designed to change the appearance of your eyes more dramatically than even opaque colored contact lenses, special effects contacts can add an authentic touch to any costume or unusual look. From fiery or blind to hypnotic or festive, there are special effects contacts available for all types of costumes and special events. Wild designs include everything from jaguar eyes and zebra eyes to red eyes and blacked-out eyes. There are even glow in the dark contacts and NFL team contacts to help you celebrate and cheer on your favorite team. No matter what costume you may be creating or no matter what type of special event you may be attending, these wild and fun contact lenses can take your look to a whole new level and make your eyes truly unique and distinct.

One of the greatest characteristics of special effects contact lenses is that they can be worn both by people that require vision correction and by those who don’t. Available with and without prescriptive correction, these fun and interesting contacts can be enjoyed by everyone. However, special effects contacts do require a prescription from a licensed eye care practitioner. Although they can be used by those who don’t require vision correction, special effects contact lenses are still medical devices and thus require appropriate care and caution to be exercised by those who wear them.

For example, you should always make sure that the contact lenses you purchase are FDA approved. This will help to safeguard the health of you and your eyes and will allow you to feel confident about the product you have chosen. Also, you should never share contacts with others and you should always make sure that you follow the cleaning and usage instructions for your particular contacts. If your lenses are supposed to be disposed of after one use, make sure that you do so, otherwise you could be risking infection and jeopardizing your eye health. Furthermore, just as with regular contact lenses, special effects contacts should always be specially fitted to your eyes in order to avoid vision problems and to ensure comfort. However, by being aware of proper lens care and by following a few simple steps, you can safely and comfortably enjoy the fun and drama provided by special effects contacts.

Some manufacturers of contact lenses even create custom and hand-painted contact lenses so you can achieve exactly the look you want. Moreover, custom or hand-painted contacts make your look truly unique and one-of-a-kind. So whether you’re striving to win first place in a costume competition or to be the talk of the party, you can certainly find and order special effects contact lenses that will meet all of your needs and expectations. In addition to the incredible array of available designs, another great aspect of today’s special effects contacts is the fact that many are now available from reliable manufacturers and distributors at an affordable cost. So even if you don’t have a large budget for your costume or other party attire, many types of special effects contact lenses will still be within your reach.

While the accessibility of these special contact lenses has increased dramatically over recent years due to affordable costs and the availability of many different varieties, this accessibility has also been enhanced by the Internet. These days, consumers can purchase special effects contacts over the web from a variety of online distributors so it’s easy to find the exact type of product that you’re looking for. Of course, as mentioned earlier, it’s always important to consult with your eye doctor prior to purchasing or using any contact lenses and to ensure that the product you select is safe and of high quality.

By selecting your contacts in the right way and by following a healthy lens hygiene routine, you can enjoy the fun and amazing looks offered by special effects contact lenses. With an entire spectrum of cool and crazy designs available and with great accessibility, these dramatic contacts can be used by just about anyone to add an authentic finishing touch to a costume or just to add some spunk to a special occasion. From Halloween to sporting events, special effects contact lenses can spice up any party and make you stand out from the crowd.



Source by Steven Myros