History of Baking

Baking has been many cultures’ favorite technique for creating snacks, desserts, and accompaniments to meals for many years. Now, it is very well-known as the method for creating sweets and all sorts of wondrous mouthwatering pastries. In ancient history, the first evidence of baking occurred when humans took wild grass grains, soaked it in water, and mixed everything together, mashing it into a kind of broth-like paste. Then, the paste was cooked by pouring it onto a flat, hot rock, resulting in a bread-like substance. Later, this paste was roasted on hot embers, which made bread-making easier, as it could now be made anytime fire was created. Around 2500 B.C., records show that the Egyptians already had bread, and may have actually learned the process from the Babylonians. The Greek Aristophanes, around 400 B.C., also recorded information that showed that tortes with patterns and honey flans existed in Greek cuisine. Dispyrus was also created by the Greeks around that time and widely popular; was a donut-like bread made from flour and honey and shaped in a ring; soaked in wine, it was eaten when hot.

In the Roman Empire, baking flourished widely. In about 300 B.C., the pastry cook became an occupation for Romans (known as the pastillarium). This became a very highly respected profession because pastries were considered decadent, and Romans loved festivity and celebration. Thus, pastries were often cooked especially for large banquets, and any pastry cook who could invent new types of tasty treats, unseen at any other banquet, was highly prized. Around 1 A.D., there were more than three hundred pastry chefs in Rome alone, and Cato wrote about how they created all sorts of diverse foods, and flourished because of those foods. Cato speaks of an enormous amount of breads; included amongst these are the libum (sacrificial cakes made with flour), placenta (groats and cress), spira (our modern day flour pretzels), scibilata (tortes), savaillum (sweet cake), and globus apherica (fritters). A great selection of these, with many different variations, different ingredients, and varied patterns, were often found at banquets and dining halls. To bake bread, the Romans used an oven with its own chimney and had grain mills to grind grain into flour.

Eventually, because of Rome, the art of baking became widely known throughout Europe, and eventually spread to the eastern parts of Asia. Bakers often baked goods at home and then sold them in the streets-children loved their goods. In fact, this scene was so common that Rembrandt illustrated a work that depicted a pastry chef selling pancakes in the streets of Germany, and young children surrounding him, clamoring to get a sample. In London, pastry chef sold their goods in handcarts, which were very convenient shops on wheels. This way, they developed a system of “delivery” baked goods to people’s households, and the demand for baked goods increased greatly as a result. Finally, in Paris, the first open-air café of baked goods was developed, and baking became an established art throughout the entire world.

Source by Tim Tanis

2017 Sir Peter Blake Leader Awards – Who Will You Nominate?

The Sir Peter Blake Trust is looking for exceptional leaders from all corners of society and New Zealand to be nominated for the prestigious 2017 Blake Leader Awards. Previous Blake Leaders have worked in the arts, community, business, culture, ethnic affairs, education, sport, research, public service, politics, and the environment.

Nominations close on Monday 27 February and up to six successful Blake Leaders and one Blake Medallist will be announced at the Blake Leadership Awards Dinner on 16 June 2017.


Promoting The Music of Indie Artists

Marketing for the music needs some creativity and some promotional techniques. The Indies music artists must promote their music if they rely on themselves and take the help of the social networking sites. Once you will read the article you will know some fabulous tips to promote through these social networking sites.

Once you are on the networking site, create an account. Then you will have a form to fill with your personal information that would not be leaked out to anyone except your name. Try to fill your real name so that people may know you.

On these social sites it has been found that using your personal name is more beneficial then using the band’s name so have a confidence and use your real name.

It is beneficial because when you will have some fans they would like to add you through your name and few would go for the whole band. Because when they would add you, they would like to know more about you as a person and as a musician and similarly they would be able to associate with you more deeply.

Through these social sites not only your fans can contact you but also you can interact with them on regular basis. And if you develop these regular interacting sessions, people would definitely love you and you can become a music star just in a single night.

It is also not advisable to just go for promotion all the time, also give some time to your fans and answer their various questions. Do not consider this to be a waste of time; this is also a promotional technique.

And once you develop the bond between you and your fans, you will see how greatly your music band gets promoted and stays as well.

Thus the Indies artists should stick to some of these tips and they would keep interacting with their fans for getting more promotion.

Source by Fara Martin

Pop Music

Pop music is a liberal and vague category of modern music not marked by artistic considerations but by its promising audience or future market. Pop is music composed with calculated objective to influence the majority of its contemporaries.

In contrast to music that calls for education or arrangement to appreciate, a significant characteristic of pop music is that anyone is able to enjoy it. Artistic concepts such as complex musical form and aesthetics are not a matter in the writing of pop songs, the key aim being audience satisfaction and commercial triumph. Although the aim of pop music is to sell records and do really well in the charts, it does not require wide acclaim or commercial success. There are bad or unsuccessful pop songs.

Originally the term was an abbreviation of, and synonymous to, popular music, but developed around 1954 to express a particular musical category. The stylistic origins of pop music is folk, jazz, R&B, rock and roll, traditional pop music. The typical instruments are electric guitar, bass guitar, drum kit and keyboard. The cultural origins date back to 1950’s in the United States.It is popular worldwide since 1960s.

The standard format of pop music is the song, usually less than five minutes in length. The instrumentation can range from an orchestra to a lone singer. In spite of this wide choice, a standard lineup in a pop band includes a lead guitarist, a bassist, a drummer (or an electronic drum machine), a keyboardist and one or more singers, generally not themselves instrumentalists.

Pop songs are generally conspicuous by a heavy rhythmic element, a mainstream style and traditional structure. The most common modification is strophic in form and focuses on memorable melodies, catchy hooks and the appeal of the verse-chorus-verse arrangement, with the chorus sharply contrasting the verse melodically, rhythmically and harmonically.

Lyrics in pop compositions are usually simple and speak of universal experiences and feelings, moving away from incomprehensible or debatable issues.The international appeal of pop was evident in the new millennium, with artists from around the world influencing the genre and local variants merging with the mainstream. As of 2008, pop music is now currently the most popular style of music of youth culture, making competition with hip hop, dance and country.

Top 5 Most Expensive Rugs of the World

Each day we come across exciting innovations and inventions. Each industry offers new products based on extensive research and one can not remain without appreciating their level of perfection. Carpet industry has matured and helped improve the level of customer satisfaction through the introduction of very graceful functional rugs as well as carpets.

For purchasing a rug, each customer comes with its own set of preferences and choices. Rug lovers truly care about the perfection of every rug in order to decorate their homes perfectly. One may not have an idea of how expensive the rugs can be and gets really amazed to review the prices of handmade rugs available in the market.

To your surprise the following list includes the most expensive rugs of the world with very unique names. One can’t imagine the beauty of these carpets and surely wants to have a feeling of how beautiful these carpets can be. Enjoy the list.

Kirman Vase carpet

This is a mid 17th century Persian rug with the measurements of 11ft x 5ft. This rug became the latest most expensive rug. The carpet broke the record of Pearl Carpet Baroda. This carpet is made in Kimran, city of Iran. This city is renowned for its skilled craftsmanship and amazing artistry. It was sold for £6.2 million to an anonymous person.

Pearl Carpet of Baroda

This carpet is highly appreciated by so many authors because of its beauty and vigor. The Indian Baroda Maharaja commissioned the carpet during the 18th century. Two million pearls of Arabian Gulf are utilized for the embellishment. This carpet costs 5 million dollars and rightly so.

Persian Silk rug

The Persian silk rug is a 500 years old masterpiece. The use of colors and knot density of the Persian Silk rug is worth appreciating. It managed to bring 4.45 million dollars ($700 /square inch) during 2008.Doris Duke, famous collector of Persian and oriental area rugs is known to have owned it.

The Bayeux tapestry

The historical and monetary worth of this carpet is exceptional. This rug is about 70 meters in length and shows the battle of Hastings (1066). Few people are of the view that this historical rug was made in a city of England named Kent. Watching this piece is a great excitement.

Tabriz Medallion Carpet

This piece has been acquired recently for 2.4 million dollars by Sheikh al Thani of Qatar. This rug approximately measures around 24 feet lengthwise and belongs to 16th century. This rug is large as compared to other expensive carpet in this list.

With the passage of time, the rug art is becoming popular and more people are taking great interest in handmade Persian rugs as well as oriental area rugs. Rug lovers must purchase handmade rugs from an authentic rug company so that they can enjoy maximum benefits of quality carpets for a long time period. Online rug stores like Admin rugs offer exclusive sale discounts to customers and free of cost rug pads along with the every item purchase.

Source by Ellie Daryoushfar

Se cumplen 25 años del fallecimiento de Andy Warhol

Madrid, 22 feb (EFE).- Hoy se cumple el 25 aniversario de la muerte de Andy Warhol. Artista plástico, cineasta y escritor estadounidense, está considerado uno de los iconos más destacados del Pop Art.

Tras una exitosa carrera como dibujante publicitario, a principios de los 60 expuso en Nueva York una serie de serigrafías de latas de sopa Campbell y botellines de Coca Cola, con las que adquirió notoriedad mundial.

En sus trabajos, fue eliminando progresivamente cualquier rasgo expresionista hasta reducir la obra a la repetición seriada de un elemento popular o mitos de la sociedad contemporánea, cuyos ejemplos más representativos fueron los retratos dedicados a Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor o Mao Tse-Tung.



How to Print Digital Photos on Canvas

The first step is deciding whether to print and wrap your photo canvas yourself or to seek out a professional printer to perform this service for you. If you do not have any experience in digital printing and gallery wrapping, it is recommended that you find a dependable poster and canvas printing business that can meet your needs. The best way to find a skilled and friendly printer is to ask around. Find out who has had a good experience with a printer and determine if you like the finished product that the printer produced. If you do not have access to anyone in your immediate social circle, the next best option is a reputable online poster printing company. You could search for “online poster printing” using your favored search engine. Once you have found an online printer that offers the product and options you want, check and see if they have a money back guarantee. Online printing can be tricky and most established online printers will offer a money back guarantee to ensure the customer’s satisfaction. Also, seek out customer reviews on the site and on the web to see what the online community thinks of this company.

Once you have selected an online printer, you will need to select a file for upload. Use the printer’s website to upload, edit and submit your photo canvas order. The online printer might offer several framing options and wrapping options. You should choose the options that best fit your needs. It would be a good idea to ask for a proof before they print your photo on canvas. One option that is particularly useful is the protective satin finish. This coating protects your photo canvas from scratching and cracking so that it will last for years to come.

When you receive your photo canvas, you will need to decide whether you wish to hang it using a hang wire, hanging hooks or simply use the inside of the wooden stretcher bar frame. The hanging hooks are usually the best for keeping you photo canvas straight, but be sure that you use at least two and balance your hang points with a level.

If all goes well, you should have a beautiful photo canvas hanging on your wall in no time. Experiment with multiple prints side-by-side or place your photo canvas prints in a collage formation for an added artistic element. There are many ways to enjoy your photo canvas, so don’t be afraid to try no applications or setups.

Source by Sam Nam