Andy Warhol- The Pope of Pop

Fame, Mass Media, Consumerism and Death

Born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1928, Andy Warhol was destined to change the world of art forever.

Upon his graduation, he moved to New York where he worked as an illustrator for publications such as The New Yorker, Vogue , and Harpers Bazaar. He also created window displays for several prominent retail stores at this time. It is perhaps during these years that he developed his keen sense of style and realized the power of image and media manipulation. Throughout the 1950s, Warhol was one of New York City’s leading commercial artists, and he received numerous awards and accolades for his work.

He held his first solo show at The Hugo Gallery in 1952 and a group show at The Museum of Modern Art in 1956.

In 1961, Warhol created his first series of silkscreens with images of Campbells Soup Cans. The Pop Art Movement thrived on presenting seemingly banal, everyday objects and giving them a monumental importance, Warhol was simply making society aware of it’s own obsessions. The silkscreen process enabled silk-screen mass-produced multiple images with a seemingly endless array of color and compositional variances. Consumerism, one of Warhol’s central themes, was evident in many of the works produced at this time. Coca-Cola bottles, Brillo Boxes and Dollar Bills took on a life of their own. The silkscreen technique and the iconic treatment of Products as Art made Andy a star.

Warhol’s next thematic breakthrough was the Death and Disaster Series. Works depicting car accidents, Electric Chairs, and racial Riots. The heavily manipulated photographs, repeated over and over again, imply through their multiplicity that society is merely a silent witness to everyday horrors and that death, is simply another aspect of life to be reckoned with. The public’s reaction to these works was not exactly all-embracingly positive and at the advice of Henry Geldzahler, Warhol’s Art Dealer, he produced a less threatening series of Flower Prints.

In the years between 1962 to 1964, Andy altered his concentration and celebration of iconic images to include famous personalities and focused on the allure and mystique of Fame. It was at this point that he created the now legendary Series of Marilyns, Jackies, and Elvis paintings, at his studio known as The Factory.

By this time, Andy Warhol had become a world famous artist. He held exhibits at The Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia, The Leo Castilli Gallery, and as far away as The Moderna Museet in Stockholm. He produced works at an amazing rate and baffled many with his uncanny ability to choose images that literally became instant icons. Warhol erased the lines between Fine and Commercial Art and forced the world to consider a new perspective that it, subconsciously, had already embraced.


” When you think about it, department stores are kind of like museums.”

” In the Future, everyone will be famous for fifteen minutes.”

” I love Los Angeles. I love Hollywood. They’re beautiful. Everybody’s plastic, but I love plastic.I want to be plastic.”

” I want to be a machine.”

The Factory was Andy’s art and experimental film studio, where he and his entourage of self-proclaimed “Superstars” produced over 300 experimental and pornographic films. The Studio was far more than simply an artist’s atelier. It was THE meeting place for artists, musicians, and actors. The atmosphere was a non-stop party where ideas, rock and roll, drugs, sex and art mingled. In 1968, Warhol was shot two to three times by a fanatical woman,Valerie Solanis, who claimed at her arrest that “He had too much control over my Life.” The truth of the matter was that he had ignored her and her radical organization, SCUM (Society for Cutting Up Men). This near fatal attack changed Warhol and his Art. His artistic response to this episode, The Skulls and The Shadow Series reflected an interplay between printing and Painting.

Moving away from the repitition of Iconic Figures, Andy’s work focused on singular Portraits of the Rich and affluent. The silkscreen was still utilized but with a far more expressionistic quality and singularity. Some of his subjects were Mick Jagger, Michael Jackson, Liza Minelli and the like.

In the early Seventies Warhol began publishing Interview magazine. he also wrote the autobiographical The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (from A to B and back again). He continued to produce numerous Portraits of celebrities and members of the European elite. The phenomenally priced portraits photographed in Europe, were often produced by Warhol’s assistants at the factory with Andy’s long distance artistic “direction”. His subjects in the late eighties, Mao-tse-Tung and The Endangered Species Series continued to confound,delight and shock art lovers with his always new and ever expanding catalog of colorful images.

During the last years of his life, Warhol began a series of collaborations and promotions with a whole new generation of artists, among them, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Harring, and Francisco Clemente.

Interestingly, these were all younger contemporaries of Andy’s that were carrying on his tradition of artistic revolution. On February 22 ,1987, Warhol succumbed to heart failure, and as a consequence of a badly executed gall bladder operation. The assassination attempt of 1968 had finally taken it’s toll on the physically fragile artist. In 1989, an exhibit was organized by The Museum of Modern Art, encompassing the largest retrospective exhibit of his works to that date. in May of 1994, the Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Andy Warhol’s influence on 20th Century Art cannot be denied. His perception, exploration and experimentation in the field of Visual Arts is unmatched. There is hardly an Artist today that is not touched in some way by his thematic and cultural accomplishments and vision. In accordance with his will, he provided a considerable endowment Fund for Art Education and Patronage, The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc.

” Andy Warhol looks a scream, hang him on my wall. Andy Warhol, Silver Screen, can’t tell them apart at all.”

– David Bowie, Hunky Dory, 1971

Websites of Interest:

The Andy Warhol Museum

The Andy Warhol Foundation for The Visual Arts

Andy warhol Prints

This Article Text © 2005 by John Keaton . All Rights Reserved.

How to Buy Fine Art Online

Picture yourself as an art buyer who has never purchased art online before. How do you buy fine art online? Is there something special you need to do, or do you just dive right in and hope for the best? The truth is more a compromise between the two extremes: Go in knowing what you want, and use targeted, specific searches to get it. How you search is up to you, and some of the most unorthodox methods can yield some of the best results. So you’ve got a little bit of freedom but need to stick to your guns as far as the art you have in mind if you want to be able to get the best deal on the art you want to buy.

When you want to try to buy art online, search engines are your friends. Use them to find reputable art marketplaces, galleries, collections and more. Even use them to find individual artist websites and do research on artists whom you would like to buy fine art from. The key to using search engines when you are searching for fine art online is to be specific if you can; searching for “bronze sculpture” as opposed to just searching for “sculpture” is going to yield better results. The best search would be one like this: “buy bronze sculpture online” because it is very specific and includes the words “buy” and “online” which will help narrow down your results to website with this art for sale. You can also use search engines to find words, terms, and phrases that you can use to find the art you are looking for if you are not sure what it should be called.

Knowing what you want to buy can increase your chances of finding art online that you will want to make your own. If you have a blank spot on your wall where you would like to hang a framed sketch or painting, you can search for these things online. If you want to find a piece of sculpture you can do this as well; art online is plentiful and the resources to find it are numerous and this is unfortunately where many people get side-tracked. If you go in search of a painting and wind up talking to someone about a sculpture, or browsing through a gallery of mixed media art then you’re likely not finding what you set out to buy. Stay focused on your goal by keeping a written or typed list of the things you want to buy and any other information that goes with it such as the dimensions of the space you have to display the art, any colors in the room around it that the art should have to complement the space, and so on. This detailed file will help you to not only find art that you like in the moment, but that you will be able to hold and appreciate for years to come.

No matter what sort of art online you decide to buy, if you are serious about buying a piece of fine art online and are concerned about the investment or just want to make sure it is genuine, find an expert locally and ask them for advice and their opinion on the piece of art. An expert could be someone at your local museum, a reputable dealer or gallery owner, or another artist if you know one. This person should be someone you are confident in and trust their opinion. They will know what to look for and know which questions to ask which can help you if you are unsure about the art online. This expert can also help you to locate or request a certificate of authenticity from the artist or the seller if they are not the original artist of the piece. Buying art is a big decision but it can be very satisfying and the rewards of owning and enjoying fine art are rich and varied, so gather your information and find the art online you have always dreamed of.

Movie Poster Collecting

There is a great deal of history behind movie posters and movie poster collecting. Jules Cheret, who created 2 movie posters in the 1890’s, was the artist given credit for creating the first movie posters. By the end of the first decade of the 1900’s, movies had become a great source of public entertainment. In this time period, the movie poster would become a standard size known as the one sheet measuring 27″ x 41″.

In the early days, the names of actors did not appear on the posters, which the movie studios liked, because it meant paying actors less money. It was in this early period in movie history, however, that movie studios realized movie stars were as much of an attraction to the moviegoer as the movie itself. Thus, the movie star was born, and movie posters began showcasing actors’ names along with the title of the movie.

By the 1920’s, the golden age of silent movies, movie posters became more artistic and spectacular, with accomplished artists being hired by movie studios to paint portraits of the stars for posters. By the late 1920’s, movie poster images became sharper due to a new printing process developed by the Morgan Litho Company.

In the 1930’s, also known in the movie industry as “The Golden Age of Movies”, another style of movie poster was created, the half sheet. Major movies would sometimes get more than the two styles. However, due to the depression, many movie materials were being created more cheaply, causing a loss of quality in movie posters.

The dawn of World War II in 1941 saw many of the movie stars heading off to war and war was the major theme of movies at that time. The movie industry cut advertising costs and used cheaper paper for posters due to the paper shortage of wartime.

By the 1970’s, movie posters used photography, occasionally using drawing and painting styles. Movie posters at this time were being printed on a clay-coated paper, which gave them a glossy finish. Star Wars and Star Trek posters were the most popular posters of the time and are still collected by many today.

In the 1980’s, the age of the special effects blockbuster, the mini sheet was invented, and video stores became popular, thus the video store poster was created. Today, reprints of movie posters are mass-produced and sold in many stores or are just a click away on the Internet.There are several types of movie posters. Because of their rarity, the avid movie poster collector has concentrated on movie poster or theater art. These are the posters that are delivered and displayed by the movie theaters and then intended to be thrown away. Another type of movie poster is the commercial poster, which is mass-produced for direct sale to the public. Video posters are distributed to video rental stores for advertising material. Cable and TV posters are use as promotional material for TV stations for their programming. Like theater art, video posters and cable and TV posters are not produced for the public. Although not as valuable as theater art, these types of posters are still popular among collectors. Special promotion posters promote a movie along with a product. Finally, there are anniversary issues, limited editions, and special releases that are released in limited quantities and are gaining favor with the theatre art collector. Other types of movie posters include advance posters that promote a movie well ahead of the movie’s release. The award poster, which indicates that a movie has won an Academy award. The combo poster, advertising two movies instead of just one. The popular double-sided poster that has art on both sides, with the artwork reversed on one side of the poster. There are featurette posters highlighting short films or cartoons, review posters for when a movie gets a good review, serial posters for movie serials, and special distribution posters.

With the popularity of movie posters has come the necessity to create various sizes of posters. The first and most widely used poster is the one sheet, which is usually 27″ x 41″. The subway, also known as the two sheet, is larger but not exactly two times the size of the one sheet. The 3 sheet is three times the size of the one sheet measuring at 41″ x 81″. The 6 sheet is six times the size of the one sheet measuring of 81″ x 81″. There is also a 12 sheet approximately twelve times the size of a one sheet, and the colossal sized 24 sheet measuring 246″ x by 108″. Other sizes include the mini sheet, which is usually much smaller than the one sheet and comes in a variety of sizes, and the stock sheet issued for cartoons or other shorts.

As with all collectibles, condition is a great factor when placing a value on posters. A movie poster’s value is determined by demand, rarity, and condition. Poster collectors use the same grade system used by comic book collectors: mint (perfect), near mint, very good, good, fair, and poor.

For those who want to be serious movie poster collectors, you will need to know some things about taking care of your movie poster art.

Tips to retain the total collectable value of movie posters

Never alter the appearance of a poster. Do not fold, bend, tear, or punch holes in it even to hang it on your wall.

Never place a movie poster in direct sunlight. UV lights can also be harmful.

Don’t write on your poster, even on the back. Marks on the back can sometimes be seen from the other side, taking away from the poster’s value.

Never put tape on the front of a poster even to repair tears. If you do use tape, use acid free tape available from an art supply shop, and place the tape on the back. For expensive movie art take it to a professional to be restored. Posters can be restored the same way rare comic books are professionally restored.

When shipping posters use thick poster tubes or bubble envelopes.

For long time storage, frame, or place the poster in a plastic bag or tube, and keep it in a cool dry climate.

When framing a poster do not dry mount it, and use an acid free backing board.

Now that you know a little more about movie posters and movie poster collecting, go ahead, start collecting!

Clearing Copyright: YouTube Cover Songs

Cover songs are a fast and relatively cheap way to get your talent noticed and discovered on YouTube.

Making and uploading an inexpensive music video, synced to a cover song record, has helped many undiscovered singers share their talent with the world – and even some stars of today, make their claim to fame.

But how do you make sure your video does not get suspended, or your account terminated?

In order to legally publish your cover song music video to YouTube, you need permission from the original song copyright holder, to use their song in conjunction with your cover recording and visuals.

Although the standard YouTube license offers a thin layer of protection for public domain songs, it does not guarantee that the original copyright holder of the song you opt to cover, automatically offers their approval – meaning your cover could potentially violate copyright and be taken down at any time.

There’s nothing worse than this, especially after you’ve collected some views, likes and subscribes already.

The permission you need to get to do things legally, is called a synchronisation license and a mechanical license, for the song you opt to cover and publish on YouTube.

There are many music rights companies that can help you get this license, so you may proceed to legally upload, share and publish your cover song video – without the risk of having it removed, or committing copyright infringements.

One such company that can help you get permission, is called Kobalt Music.

Normally, your copyright clearance request would have to be directed in writing to the original publisher of the song you opt to cover. They will then review your request and decide to grant or deny it – and if any fees or royalties will be payable by you per digital “performance” of the song.

Obviously this can work out much more expensive, than it is actually worth – if you are not careful.

It also means you would have to establish who the song’s original copyright holders and publishers were, make contact with them, and then motivate what title you want to cover, and why. Their approval is not guaranteed.

Kobalt Music can do all this on your behalf (there are other companies too, if you search for “clearing synchronisation rights” on Google).

Instead of charging you a fee, they will “monetize” your cover song video on YouTube, on behalf of the original publisher, collecting ad revenue from YouTube that your cover song generates, and sharing that revenue with their client (copyright holder), if the song you opted to cover is in their catalogue.

This way, the clearing of the synchronisation rights won’t cost you anything, and allow you to publish and share your cover video legally, keeping your views, likes, subscribes and followers.

If in addition, you now also learned how to “tag” your cover music videos on YouTube, to get more views, likes and subscribes from YouTube’s search engine, you could build a fan club, literally even while you sleep, if the song you opted to cover was in reasonable demand.

From there, you could also sell an MP3 download of your cover song, using annotations and links in the video description AFTER you clear the mechanical rights to the song, using a service like Easy Song Licensing and CDbaby.

The mechanical rights allow you to record, release and distribute your music for sale on a “top-up” basis. For every copy you plan to sell either digitally via download, or as a physical track on CD, you buy a unitary license and then recon your licenses with actual sales, buying additional units if necessary.

Does Music Have Soul?

Soul is not only for humans because the one who sings the song aside from birds are humans. The nature is the instrument who first gives people an idea that there is a sound that people could enjoy and experiment that’s where the music starts, everyone loves music but is music really has a soul? If you are listening to love song what you feel? Most people said they get sad or lonely, feeling blue as if there is some sadness clouds the situation, gives them some itchiness in doing something whether it for good way of making feel good or making a solution on some issue of the heart, anyhow better to listen to another love song and try to check what you feel.

Listening to a pop song is another feeling it’s like there is no boundaries almost same as rock songs who usually comes with a very high notes super eardrum losing sounds that most young people love to listen and normally when headsets was introduced almost all teenagers listening to music uses it, that’s why now there is a big ratio of people who can’t hear some small or soft voice because somehow they end up deaf after damaging their eardrum listening to banging pop or rock music using headsets that directly touch their ears. An online radio which is called Podcast is one of the emerging technologies in the Internet today. It is the modern rendition of the old trusty radio and TV broadcasting. Though it is still in its infancy, many have become addicted to it, making it the next “Big Thing” to Online Video Streaming where music lovers could listen while doing their work on their computer and for some corporate offices it serves as their alternative source of music, and others who wants music for themselves still use headset connected to their personal computer or laptop.

Listening to folk / country or classic music also implies different moods, and most people said that listening to Gospel songs gives hope, good health and perception in life. So next time you think of listening to music think what’s best for your health and for your soul because music has its own soul.