藝苑掇英 Marisol Escobar 馬里索爾·埃斯科瓦爾 (1930-2016) Neo-Dada Pop Art French

Marisol, in full Marisol Escobar, (born May 22, 1930, Paris, France—died April 30, 2016, New York, New York, U.S.), American sculptor of boxlike figurative works combining wood and other materials and often grouped as tableaux. She rose to fame during the 1960s and all but disappeared from art history until the 21st century.
Marisol was born in Paris of Venezuelan parents and spent her youth in Los Angeles and Paris, studying briefly at the École des Beaux-Arts (1949). In 1950 she moved to New York City, where she studied at the Art Students League and the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts. From her earliest, roughly carved figures, she worked mainly in wood.
In New York she made ties with the Abstract Expressionists—Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, and Jackson Pollock, among them. Though she is often associated with Pop art, she incorporated many influences into her work (folk art, pre-Columbian art, Cubism, Dadaism, collage) and thus defies classification. She gained wide recognition in the 1960s for her mixed-media figure groups; the juxtaposition of blockish inert forms and their painted, cast-plaster, or found-object features and accoutrements lend the works a deadpan irony. Many of her works depict variations of the family unit. Her portrait groups of public figures such as Charles de Gaulle and Lyndon B. Johnson (both 1967) are particularly satirical. In 1961 she was included in the Museum of Modern Art exhibition “The Art of Assemblage.” The next year and then again in 1964 she had wildly successful solo exhibitions at the Stable Gallery in New York City. During the 1960s and ’70s, Marisol was firmly situated within Andy Warhol’s social and artistic orbit; she became a close friend of his and earned roles in his films Kiss (1963) and 13 Most Beautiful Women (1964).
In the 1970s, ’80s, and ’90s she continued to make portrait sculptures of artists (Georgia O’Keeffe with Dogs, 1977, and Portrait of Marcel Duchamp, 1981) and political figures (Bishop Desmond Tutu, 1988). She also began to address historical events, as in Blackfoot Delegation to Washington 1916 (1993), which makes reference to the Native American Blackfoot tribe’s attempt to negotiate with the United States government for land rights.
In 2014–15 a retrospective and scholarly catalog of Marisol’s sculptures and works on paper (organized by the Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, Tennessee; traveled to the El Museo del Barrio in New York City) helped to reintroduce her and reestablish her name in the history of art.
馬里索爾,(Marisol Escobar),(生於1930年5月22日,法國巴黎-於2016年4月30日,紐約,紐約,美國去世),美國雕塑家的箱形象徵作品結合了木材和其他材料,並經常被歸類為畫面。她在20世紀60年代聲名鵲起,直到21世紀才從藝術史上消失。
馬里索爾出生於委內瑞拉父母的巴黎,在洛杉磯和巴黎度過了她的青春時光,曾在ÉcoledesBeaux-Arts(1949年)短暫學習。 1950年,她搬到了紐約市,在那裡她在藝術學生聯盟和漢斯霍夫曼美術學院學習。從她最早的,大致雕刻的人物,她主要在木材。
在紐約,她與抽象表現主義者Willem de Kooning,Franz Kline和Jackson Pollock建立了聯繫。雖然她經常與波普藝術聯繫在一起,但她在工作中融入了許多影響(民間藝術,前哥倫比亞藝術,立體主義,達達主義,拼貼畫),從而無視分類。她在20世紀60年代因其混合媒體人物群體獲得了廣泛的認可;塊狀惰性形式和它們的塗漆,鑄造石膏或發現物體特徵和裝備的並置使得這些作品具有無懈可擊的諷刺意味。她的許多作品都描繪了家庭單元的變化。她的肖像小組,如戴高樂(Charles de Gaulle)和林登·約翰遜(Lyndon B. Johnson)(均為1967年)都是特別諷刺的。 1961年,她被納入現代藝術博物館展覽“The Art of Assemblage。”第二年,然後在1964年,她在紐約市的Stable畫廊舉辦了一場非常成功的個展。在20世紀60年代和70年代,Marisol牢牢地位於Andy Warhol的社會和藝術軌道中;她成為了他的好朋友,並在他的電影“親吻”(Kiss)(1963年)和“13位最美女性”(1964年)中獲得了角色。
在20世紀70年代,80年代和90年代,她繼續製作藝術家的肖像雕塑(Georgia O’Keeffe with Dogs,1977,Portrait of Marcel Duchamp,1981)和政治人物(主教Desmond Tutu,1988)。她也開始處理歷史事件,例如1916年(1993年)的黑腳代表團訪問華盛頓,該代表團提到美洲原住民黑腳部落試圖與美國政府就土地權進行談判。
在2014-15期間,馬里索爾的雕塑和紙上作品的回顧性和學術目錄(由田納西州孟菲斯的孟菲斯布魯克斯藝術博物館組織;前往紐約市的El Museo del Barrio)幫助重新引入她並重新建立她的名字在藝術史上。


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The Great Contemporary Art Bubble BBC Documentary – Artists Around the World

Documentary on Contemporary Art

Art critic and film-maker Ben Lewis spent two years following the contemporary art market, from its heady peak in May 2008 until the crash and burn in October. Now, in a new and updated version of the film first broadcast in May 2009, he returns one year later, in October 2009, to discover a very different market.

The last five years had witnessed an unprecedented craze for contemporary art, in which works of art by Andy Warhol, Francis Bacon, and Mark Rothko sold for record-breaking prices of 30 million pounds upwards. It all climaxed in September 2008, when Damien Hirst sold 111 million pounds’ worth of his art at an unprecedented auction at Sotheby’s – the very day Lehman Brothers collapsed bringing down the financial markets of the western world. The bubble did not burst the night of the Hirst sale – but it proved to be a last hurrah.

The auctions in October and November 2008 were a disaster, and Ben was there too, filming the art world in shock. By early 2009, the contemporary art auction market was down 75 per cent, auction houses had recorded record losses and were rapidly downsizing.

In October 2009, Ben returns to find out what has been happening.

In this inside eye-witness journey into the art world, Ben visits auction houses, art fairs, galleries and the homes of billionaires across the world, searching for the reasons behind the greatest rise in financial value of art in history. He interviews leading dealers, art collectors and art market analysts and discovers an extraordinary world of unusual market practices, speculation, secrecy and a passionate enthusiasm for art.

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Para explicar el arte (XIX)

No hay que tener miedo al Arte contemporáneo.
La mujer que disparó a Andy Warhol se llamaba Valerie Solanas.
El que dijo esa barbaridad sobre el atentado a las torres gemelas de Nueva York fue Karlheinz Stockhausen.
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10 Amazing Facts about Andy Warhol

This video covers 10 amazing facts about the American Pop artist, Andy Warhol. Andy was a controversial artist who used everyday objects such as soup cans, brillo boxes, cartoons, and comic strip characters as the basis of his work. He worked mainly with silk screen printing and was also obsessed with celebrity and created lots of portraits of famous people of the time such as Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Mick Jagger and Richard Nixon amongst others.
The video covers his life from his early days in Pittsburgh to his death in New York in 1987. The video is suitable for all ages groups from 8 years and above and is intended for use with children and students in primary, secondary, elementary and high schools, as well as art groups and those interested in art history.
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Cinematographic Art – 5 Modern Film: From 50s to 70s

Fifth video about the Cinematographic Art serie. Any doubt? Send me a message.

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While Hollywood was in crisis, in other parts of the world there were little movements with new cinematographic ideas. As introduction I added John Huston with the Maltese Falcon (1941). As there are many directors and films, I’m going to be brief with descriptions.

As a general rule, the new movements in Europe and other parts of the world are inspired by the Italian Neorrealism. They take the cameras to the street, they want to film reality.


Brasil: here happened the Cinema Novo.
Mario Peixoto: Limite (1931)
Glauber Rocha: Barravento (1962), God and Devil in the Land of Sun (1964)
Nelson Pereira Dos Santos: Rio 40 Graus (1955)

Fernando de Fuentes: Doña Bárbara (1943)
Emilio Fernández: La perla (1947)
Luis Buñuel: Los Olvidados (1950), Viridiana (1961)

Mikhail Kalatozov: Soy Cuba (1964)

United States: birth of television in New York.
Douglas Sirk: All that heaven allows (1955)
Nicholas Ray: Johnny Guitar (1954), Rebel without a cause (1955)
Kenneth Anger: Fireworks (1947), Scorpio Rising (1964)

David Lean: Great expectations (1946), Lawrence of Arabia (1962)


Main directors
Ingmar Bergman: Summer with Monika (1953), The Seventh Seal (1957), Winter Light (1963), Persona (1966)
Robert Bresson: Pickpocket (1959), Au hassard Balthazar (1966)
Jacques Tatí: Les vacances de M. Hulot (1953), Mon oncle (1958)
Federico Fellini: Nights of Cabiria (1957), Otto e mezzo (1963)

France: here happened the Nouvelle Vague. Author cinema.
Agnès Varda: Cleo de 5 a 7 (1961)
Alain Resnais : Hiroshima mon amour (1959), L’anné derniè à Marienbad (1961)
François Truffaut: Les 400 Coups (1959)
Jean-Luc Godard: A bout de souffle (1959), Une femme mariée (1964)

Pier Paolo Pasolini: Accattone (1961), Il vangelo secondo Matteo (1964), Trilogy of Life (1974)
Luchino Visconti: Senso (1954), Rocco ei suoi fratelli (1960)
Michelangelo Antonioni: L’Eclisse (1962)

Theodoros Angelopoulos: The travelling players (1975)

Marco Ferreri: El cochecito (1960)
Pedro Almodóvar: ¿Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto? (1984)

Vilgot Sjöman: I am curious yellow/blue (1967)
Jean Eustache: La maman et la putain (1973)

Andrzej Wajda: Ashes and diamonds (1958)
Roman Polanski: The fearless vampire killers (1967), Knife in the water (1962), Chinatown (1974)

Vera Chytilova: Daisies (1966)

Miklós Jancsó: The red and the white (1968)

Andrei Tarkovsky: Andrei Rublev (1966), The Mirror (1975), Stalker (1979), Nostalghia (1983)
Sergei Parajanov: Les chevaux de feu (1965)

Germany: here happened the Neuer Deutscher Film.
Volker Schlöndorff: Young Törless (1966)
Werner Herzog: Aguirre Der zorn gottes (1972)
Rainer Werner Fassbinder: Die bitteren Tränen der Petra von Kant (1972), Angst essen Seele auf (1974), Die ehe der Maria Braun (1979)

England: here happened the Free Cinema.
Karel Reisz: Saturday night and Sunday morning (1960)
Lindsay Anderson: If… (1968)
Ken Loach: Kes (1969)
Richard Lester: A hard day’s night (1964)

United States: here happened the New Film (nuevo cine estadounidense). Television, new documentaries.
Robert Drew: Primary (1960)
John Cassavetes: Shadows (1959)
Andy Warhol: Blowjob (1963)
Dennis Hopper: Easy rider (1969)
Blake Edwards: The party (1968)
Stanley Kubrick: 2001 A space odyssey (1968), Clockwork orange (1971), The shining (1980)

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