Seventy Names of Jerusalem
The “Kotel HaMa’aravi,” Western Wall of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount stands as a testimony to yesterday, today and tomorrow, bound by centuries of tears, fears, dreams and hopes absorbed into her ancient walls. Echoing timeless prayers, her sun drenched stones glitter with the golden hues of sunrise and sunset in this rendition of Ellen Miller Braun’s “Seventy Names of Jerusalem.” Shining eternally gold, “Jerusalem” glows warmly over this holy site. The “Jerusalem” in this design is created using Jerusalem’s 70 names, which so eloquently describe her many vibrant and spiritual qualities.*
The number 70 is significant in a number of ways in Judaism and its teachings:
HaShem, G-d, has 70 Names.
70 Nations descended from Noah.
70 languages emerged after the Tower of Babel.
The Torah was translated into the 70 languages of the Nations.
The Torah has 70 names.
The Torah was transmitted to 70 elders.
The 70 sages of the Sanhedrin safeguarded the Torah.
The Torah was engraved on 70 stones after Joshua crossed the Jordan.
Israel has 70 names.
There were 70 people who went down to Egypt with Jacob.
The Jews celebrate 70 holy days per year, 52 Sabbaths and 18 festivals (including all the days of Pesach and Succot)
During Succot, there were 70 sacrifices offered for the 70 nations.
The Temple was built with 70 pillars.
The Holy City of Jerusalem had 70 names. (Midrash Zuta)
The Seventy Names of Jerusalem is an enchanting deviation from Ellen Miller Braun’s other micro calligraphy illustrations, as this piece combines paint on fabric, embroidery and finally the eternal Jerusalem written in micro calligraphy using Jerusalem’s 70 Names. These spiritual names embody the strength of Jerusalem and the beauty of her centuries old religious significance. The first in a continuing series, Ellen created this gift for her second son-in-law creating a special satchel for his prayer shawl. The choice of colors, matching the sunrise and sunset at “the Kotel” came from the wedding invitation which Ellen also created for the new couple.
*70 names: Yerushalayim; Shalem; HaShem Yirah; Yivos; Gilad; Levanon; Tzion; Kiseh HaShem; Ir HaShem; Yaffe Nof; Har Tzion; Yirkhetei Tzafon; Kiryat Melech Rav; Meshosh Kol HaAretz; Chaftzi Ba; Efrata; Sadeh Ya’ar; Menucha; Ariel; Har Mo’ed; Ravti Eem; Ravti BaGoyim; Sharti BaMidinot; Ir Sh’chavrah La Yachdav; Ir Lo Na’azvah; Beit Tefillah; Migdal Eder; Mitzudah; Moriah; Gan HaShem; Har G’vohah; Ir HaYona; Kriyah Ne’emana; Ir HaTzedek; Gey Ch’zion; Givat HaLevona; Dlatot HaAmim; Har HaKodesh; Har Chemed; Nachalah; Ir David Yam; B’ulah; Even Ma’amasah; Yafeh; B’tulah; Kallah; Eishet N’urim; Yedidut; Drushah; Gilah; Eden; HaShem K’doshim; Akrah; Bamot; Ir HaNegev; Bashan; Chadrech; Ramah; Golah V’surah; Gan E-lokim; Har Darom; M’kudeshet; Morha; Carmel; Har Merom Yisrael; Klilat Yofie; HaShem Shamah; Armon; Tavor HaAretz; Rachel. (Midrash HaGadol 46:7)